The evening of the ninth day of the Experience Nica Tours will be spent in Managua, the capital city of Nicaragua, and the country’s largest city based on population and geographic size. Managua is the second most populous city in Central America, after Guatemala City.
Located on the southwestern shore of Lake Xolotlán, also known as Lake Managua, the city was declared the national capital in 1852. Prior to its inception as the capital city, the title had alternated between the cities of León and Granada.
Managua suffered major floods in 1876 and 1885, an earthquake in 1931 and a large fire in 1936 that destroyed much of the city. Under the rule of dictator Anastasio Somoza García and his family from 1936 through to 1979, the city was rebuilt and began to grow rapidly. However, progress came to a sudden halt after the city suffered a second major earthquake on December 23, 1972 that destroyed 90% of the city’s downtown and killed more than 19,120 people.
Downtown has been partially rebuilt but is nowhere near completed.However, new government buildings, galleries, museums, apartment buildings, squares, promenades, monuments, restaurants, night clubs, and broad avenues have resurrected part of Managua’s former vitality.
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