Granada was named in 1524 by its founder, Hernández de Córdoba. The name was chosen to honor the ancient Spanish city of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold Granada in Spain, which fell to Spain’s Catholic King and Queen.
Granada is reputed to be the first European city established on mainland America. Other cities claim to have been the first on mainland America, but Granada was not only a conquest settlement, but was registered in official records of the Crown of Aragon, and the Kingdom of Castile in Spain.
Granada was the victim of many battles with invading English, French and Dutch pirates trying to take control of Nicaragua. The American filibuster William Walker succeeded and took up residence in Granada, from where he attempted to take control of Central America and rule as president. Charles Frederick Henningsen, one of Walker’s generals, set fire to the Granada before escaping, destroying much of the ancient city and leaving printed the words “Here was Granada”.
Granada today is the capital of the Granada Department and has a population of of close to 130,000, making it Nicaragua’s sixth most populous city. Granada is historically one of Nicaragua’s most important cities and its rich colonial heritage is seen in its architecture and structure. Granada’s historical city center has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
During our stay in Granada, the group will stay at Hotel Casa San Francisco, a beautifully restored colonial home, converted to a 4 star hotel in the city’s central historic district.
During our stay in Granada, the group will visit the city’s most significant historical landmarks. These are; San Francisco Church and Museum, Xalteva Church, Plazuela de los Leones, Plaza de la Independencia, Central Park, Granada Cathedral, Guadalupe Church, La Merced Church, Souls Chapel, Fortin de San Pablo, Fuerte La Pólvora, Episcopal Palace, Alcaldía Municipal, San Antonio College, Diocesan College, Old Social Club and the Old Railway Station Museum. There are other sights to see and a great many activities to take part in. It will be an interesting and exciting time.
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